also known as the County of Monmouth, is one of thirteen historic
counties of Wales and a former administrative county.
It corresponds approximately to the present principal areas of
Monmouthshire, Blaenau Gwent, Torfaen, and Newport and those parts
of Caerphilly and Cardiff east of the Rhymney River.
The eastern part of the county is mainly agricultural, while the
western valleys had rich mineral resources. This led to the area
becoming highly industrialised with coal mining and iron working
being major employers from the 18th century to the late 20th
Monmouthshire's Welsh status was ambiguous between the 16th and 20th
centuries, with it considered by some to be part of England during