Cleveland was an area
in the north east of England. Its name means literally "cliff-land",
referring to its hilly southern areas, which rise to nearly 1,500 ft
(460m). Historically Cleveland, as a geographic area within the
North Riding of Yorkshire, was located entirely to the south of the
River Tees and its largest town was Guisborough, until the rise of
Middlesbrough in the 19th century.